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On April 22. 1870, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, alias Lenin was born. Lenin, regarded as the greatest revolutionary leader and thinker since Marx, founded the Russian Communist Party, led the Bolshevik Revolution and was the architect of the Soviet state.
The First Battle of Panipat, on 21 April 1526, was fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Empire. It took place in north India and marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire.
On April 20, 1889 Adolf Hitler was born in a small Austrian village close to the border with the German Empire. As dictator of Nazi Germany, Hitler initiated World War II, the deadliest conflict in human history and he was a central figure of the Holocaus
On April 18, 1930, Masterda Surya Sen the leader of armed revolutionaries for Indian independence raided the armoury of police and auxiliary forces from the Chittagong armoury in the then Bengal province of British colonial India (now in Bangladesh).
On April 17 during the Liberation War in 1971, the first government of Bangladesh took oath at Mujibnagar in the then Meherpur Mahakuma under Kushtia district. Farther of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was made the first president.
On April 16th, 1853, a train with 14 railway carriages and 400 passengers left Bombay's Bori Bunder for Thane marked the first commercial passenger rail service in India. It was identified as the first passenger service even in Asia.
On April 14, 2004 Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was voted the “Greatest Bengali of All Time” in a radio survey, conducted by BBC's Bengali service.
On 13 April 1919, the Amritsar massacre, took place n Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, India. British colonial troops gun down at least 379 unarmed demonstrators. The massacre fueled widespread anger, leading to the Non-cooperation Movement of 1920-22.
On 12 April, 1971 the Bengladesh government in exile at Agartola appointed M A G Osmani as commander of the Mukti Bahini. With the formation of the Bangladesh government on 17 April 1971, he was reinstated to active duty and appointed commander-in-chief.
On April 11, 1947, Charlie Chaplin’s movie Monsieur Verdoux was released criticising capitalism and arguing that the world encourages mass killing through wars. Chaplin wrote "Monsieur Verdoux is the cleverest and most brilliant film I have yet made."
Today is 3rd death anniversary of Binod Bihari Chowdhury, a leader of the then anti- British movement and a close associate of Mastarda Surya Sen. He was the last surviving revolutionary from Chittagong armoury raid to uproot the colonial rule in 1930.
On April 9 in 1969 the first British-built supersonic Concorde, piloted by Brian Trubshaw took to the skies in a test flight.
Today, April 8, marks the 121st death anniversary of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay who is considered one of the greatest novelists of the sub-continent. He is widely regarded as a key figure in literary renaissance of Bengal as well as undivided India.
On 7th April in 1973 the first session of the Bangladesh Parliament was held in the Parliament House, Tejgaon, Dhaka. Speaker elected respectively in the first Parliament were Mahammadullah and Abdul Malek Ukil.
Today marks the 85th birth anniversary of iconic Bengali actress Suchitra Sen. The legendary actress was born on April 6 in 1931 in Pabna. Suchitra Sen was the first Bengali actress to receive an award at an international film festival in Moscow in 1963.